Panic is not just a feeling, it is one of the types of mental disorders that require special attention. Here are the most important details about panic and panic attacks:
What is panic?
Panic is a disorder and psychological state caused by frequent panic attacks that may be caused by a human factor, panic attack is a growing sense of intense fear and discomfort continues with the patient several minutes before it fades.
Panic is the repetition of panic attacks and fear, and these are some symptoms of a bout of physical panic: the acceleration of the heartbeat,problems and difficulties in breathing, sweating.
The statistics indicate that the panic attack often affects the person 1-2 times in his life. But people with the disease suffer panic attacks at a rate of once a month.
Although complete treatment may be difficult, treatment can help control symptoms.
Symptoms of panic attack
Panic disorder usually occurs in adolescence or early adulthood before age 25. During the panic attack, a large amount of fear is generated within the patient and without warning signs.
The panic attack lasts for about 10-20 minutes, but in some severe cases the panic attack may last for one hour.
Although the panic attack may vary from one person to another, these are the most important symptoms that may be clearly visible to the injured:
- Pulsation or acceleration of the heartbeat.
- Chills or sweating.
- Dizziness and dizziness.
- Feeling suffocated.
- Pain and narrowing of the chest.
- Fear of death.
- Tingling and numbness in the limbs .
- Hallucinations and a sense of separation from the body.
Causes of panic attack
There are no obvious triggers for the onset of panic, and fear of a panic attack may trigger the emergence of a new panic attack.
Although the causes of panic are not yet known,
- Some studies have shown that panic may be a genetic condition and genesmay play a role in the infection.
- Frequent passage of things that cause anxiety and stress and cause him psychological pressure may cause panic attack.
- Some researchers link panic to a person’s transition through significant transitions, such as moving to university, marriage, and having a first child.
Adrenaline may be excreted in the body without a real stimulant. Because of the inability of the body to use excess adrenaline because there is no actual risk, adrenaline triggers a panic attack.
Panic is generally more common among women than men.
Diagnosis and treatment of panic
Sometimes a person with a panic attack thinks for the first time that he is having a heart attack. When the casualty goes to the emergency room, the doctor will perform a series of tests that will help diagnose the condition.
After obtaining the appropriate diagnosis, the patient is subject to appropriate treatment to help alleviate the symptoms. The treatment includes:
- Behavioral cognitive therapy.
- Special drugs, such as antidepressants and serotonin.
- Some minor life changes at home, such as:
- Maintain routine and schedule daily.
- Exercise regularly.
- Get enough rest and sleep at night.
- Stay away from caffeine.
Tips To Relieve Panic Attack
If you feel that a panic attack is about to hit you can use the following techniques to control the panic attack and accelerate it:
- Breathe deeply.
- Close your eyes.
- Try to focus your mind on something that pleases you.
- Imagine a place where you feel happy.
- Repeat a motivational sentence in or out loud.
Possible complications of panic
If the person’s panic is not controlled and he or she does not receive the appropriate treatments to control the symptoms of panic attacks, this may cause a range of complications and complications such as:
- Overuse alcohol in an attempt to escape panic attacks.
- Go to the hospital many times and excessively because of physical complications and excessive fear.
- Suicide ideas emerge.
- Phobias and unwarranted fear of ordinary things.
- Isolation and separation from family, friends and society.
Prevention of panic
Although prevention of this type of mental disorder may not be possible, it is possible to reduce the chances of obtaining it or even the onset of seizures by following the following guidelines:
- Avoid alcohol altogether.
- Avoid caffeine completely.
- Avoid situations and situations that may cause stress.
- Talk to a psychologist about any life stress a person may have.