Tourette syndrome (Tourette syndrome) or (Tourette’s Disorder) is a neurological disease (cerebral) often appears in childhood. The person with this syndrome produces sounds or words (Vocal tics) or involuntary involuntary (involuntary cramps) or motor movements.
This syndrome is also known as Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GST).
All tics are not caused by the syndrome alone. There are children with tics, voice and motor (which produce movements and involuntary sounds), but they do not have Tourette’s syndrome.
The motor cysts usually begin to appear at the age of 2 to 8 years, while acoustic tics can begin to appear at the age of two, although they usually appear years after the onset of motor tics. In general, tics are peaking at the age of 12 years.
These cysts are severely reduced or disappear in most children of puberty. However, there are cases where these cysts are still present until after puberty.
The effect of these tics varies from child to child. Some boys have light tresses that have little impact on their lives. But even light tics, or those that appear at intervals, can affect the child’s self-assessment and his relationship with friends and family.
Acute and convergent tics sometimes require treatment, including pharmacotherapy and counseling. Even in cases where tics appear to be mild, they may have a serious impact on the child’s ability to learn which may cause embarrassment.
It is necessary to pay attention to:
- Cats do not indicate low intelligence, nor do they affect IQ.
- The intensity of the rams does not reflect the child’s abilities in learning, nor does it indicate his ability to cope with different social situations.
- A supportive environment at home, at school, and in the vicinity of the child with the syndrome can increase the likelihood of being able to cope with these tics.
Tourette Syndrome Symptoms
In most children, there are special and distinct types of tics, motor and acoustic. These tics can appear in different forms, including:
Slight spasm in the eyes, neck drooping, coughing or a succession of movements and sounds.
It can also appear as a sudden impulse, motor or acoustic. This rush may last from a few seconds until a few minutes. Tumors may appear slowly.
It can also appear alternately for weeks to months. It is possible to change, from one style to another.
Other disorders accompanied by Arat:
Not everyone who has such tics is necessarily infected with Tourette’s syndrome, as there are other diseases and syndromes that may cause such tics.
Transient transient disorder :
A person with transient transient disorder may have one or more motor and / or vocal impairments. This rug appears many times during the day, almost every day, for at least four weeks, but does not last more than 12 consecutive months. In order to diagnose this condition, these cysts should appear before the age of 18, and can not be caused by exposure to a substance or other disease.
Acute, auditory or chronic disorder:
People with chronic motor or auditory disorder have either acoustic ultrasound or only motor tics. Tresses can not be of both types. Tarts appear many times a day, almost daily, for more than one year.
Tarts may not appear during part of this period, but not for more than three months. These cysts begin to appear before the age of 18 and are not usually caused by exposure to a particular substance or disease.
Non-specific tics disorders :
This type of disorder includes all other conditions that do not fall into any of the above-mentioned tics disorders.
Models here include tics that last for no more than four weeks, or tics start to appear after the age of 18 years. Tourette secondary syndrome is a term often used to describe tics that result from a stroke, infection or other diseases, except Tourette syndrome.
Causes and risk factors of Tourette syndrome
Torit syndrome appears to be the result of a genetic factor. The presence of a specific gene or gene, or combination of a number of genes, increases the risk of Tourette’s syndrome. However, this gene or gene combination has not yet been identified.
In response to detailed questions posed by the doctor regarding the medical history of family members, many parents are surprised by children with Tourette’s syndrome when they discover that other members of the family may also have Tourette syndrome.
Of the other reasons that can increase the risk of tics, or other symptoms of Tourette ‘s syndrome:
- If the mother has suffered during the period of pregnancy , the incidence of nausea and vomiting recurrent acute (during the first trimester of pregnancy), if you have suffered a lot of stress and tension, if you eat large amounts of coffee, if you smoked cigarettes or dealt with drinks alcoholduring pregnancy
- If there is a lack of supply of oxygen, or blood, during the delivery process
- If the baby’s weight is too low with signs of a brain injury, or a tumor in a part of the brain
- If the weight of the baby is less than the weight of a similar twin
- If the Apgar score for Apgar score is low
- If there are neuropsychiatric disorders related to autoimmune immunity in children and are associated with Streptococcus (Streptococcus). These disorders can affect the appearance of tics.
Tourette Syndrome Diagnosis
The doctor can diagnose Tourette’s syndrome based on a review of the child’s medical history based on the signs described by the parent or therapist.
The child may be able to suppress, hide or stop these dances when visiting the doctor, so it is advisable to take a video showing the nature of these dances at the time of receipt.
But the doctor can diagnose the presence of Tourette’s syndrome, even if he does not see a video documenting the nature of the tics and without seeing the tics himself.
The doctor needs to know if the tics cause the child social problems or educational problems. The task of diagnosis may also require a psychological examination of the child and a diagnosis of difficulties in learning.
As with many other diseases, there are no brain tests or blood tests that can certainly confirm that someone has Tourette’s syndrome. And are, in some cases, an electrical EEG (EEG), CT computerized CT imaging) Computed tomography) and Vouhsat blood for the diagnosis of other diseases.
You can also carry out the necessary tests to diagnose attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD – Attention – Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ) or
These problems and conditions can occur in conjunction with the emergence and development of Tourette’s syndrome. In addition, the doctor sometimes needs to know if there are signs of other problems that the child may be susceptible to fear or depression.
Treatment of Tourette Syndrome
Tourette’s treatment is focused on increasing the ability to “adapt” to the tics in and around the child.
Most cases of Tourette’s syndrome are mild and do not require drug treatment.
Educate and guide parents, children and the surrounding people (eg teachers at school) about Tourette’s syndrome, which helps the child progress greatly, as well as creating a supportive environment, at home and at school.
Counseling may be useful and effective in certain situations, including when the child has a disease other than the syndrome. When tics affect the baby significantly it is better to think about medication or behavioral change. These cysts may be reduced and reduced, but there is no cure for Tourette’s syndrome to date.