What is Cervical Cancer? Symptoms and Treatment


Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is caused by the growth of abnormal (abnormal) cells in the cervix, in an abnormal amount. The cervix (Cervix uteri) is the lower part of the uterus (Uterus) which connects the uterus vagina (Vagina). The early detection of cervical cancer to ensure that , in most cases, full recovery from it.

Cervical cancer can be detected by cervical screening (Papanicolaou test / Pap smear).

Symptoms of cervical cancer

Symptoms of cervical cancer

Unusual changes in cervical cells lead to symptoms in rare cases only. But if these changes develop into cervical cancer, symptoms of cervical cancer may develop, which may include:

  • Abnormal bleeding of the vagina, or inexplicable change in the menstrual cycle.
  • Bleeding from contact with the cervix, sexual intercourse, or the introduction of female diaphragm to prevent pregnancy (Diaphragm).
  • Feelings of sexual intercourse.
  • Vaginal secretions stained with blood.

Causes and risk factors for cervical cancer

Causes Of Cervical Cancer.

Most cases of cervical cancer caused by a virus called “virus HPV ” ( the HPV – Papiloma Tallinn ‘sThe virus is transmitted when you have a sexual relationship with a person with the virus. There are many types of HPV, all of which do not cause cervical cancer. Some cause verrucae in the genitals, others do not cause signs or symptoms of cervical cancer.

Some women have been carrying this virus for many years without knowing it. The virus can remain in the body for several years without causing any symptoms and may lead to cervical cancer a few years after the infection. Therefore, it is important to undergo a Pap smear test regularly, as this test can detect any changes that occur in the cells of the cervix before the emergence of cervical cancer. If these changes are addressed, cervical cancer can be prevented.

Diagnosis of cervical cancer

Diagnosis of cervical cancer

Cervical Screening is a routine examination, the purpose of which is to detect any abnormal changes in cervical and cervical cancer.

This is a routine procedure, as it is a very easy procedure, as well as being the only means available to detect and treat changes in cervical cells before they become cervical cancer.

If cervical cancer is suspected, the doctor will ask the sick woman a number of questions about the family’s medical history, and then undergo a physical examination including a pelvic exam and cervical screening. The doctor may need to do more tests, so that he can accurately assess the situation and determine the type of treatment.

The necessary tests to confirm the diagnosis of cervical cancer include:

  • Examination colposcopy (Colposcopy) and biopsy (Biopsy) of cervical tissue, in order to detect whether there were cancerous cells on the outer surface of the lining of the cervix and determine their location.
  • Biopsy of the cervical mucosa (or curing of the uterus), in order to detect the presence of cancer cells in the cervical canal (Cervical canal of uterus).
  • Cone biopsy or tissue removal by the wire electrode (LEEP). Using these methods, a sample of cervical tissue is taken for microscopic examination.

Vaginoscopy and biopsy of the cervical tissue of a pregnant woman can be performed to confirm the diagnosis of cervical cancer.

Pap smears should be performed periodically as part of a routine screening. This test is used to detect abnormal changes in cervical cells, which can indicate the presence of cervical cancer.

Pap smears are the most effective screening for cervical cancer prevention. The abnormal cells that are found in the Pap smears are classified according to the stage they have reached. The quality of the treatment is determined according to the nature of the changes in the cells.

In different parts of the world, abnormal cells are classified according to a method called Bethesda System (TBS).

Cervical cancer treatment

Cervical cancer treatment

When cervical cancer is detected in its early stages, the chances of recovery are great. If detected at a very early stage, there is a possibility that the patient will be able to conceive and have children after treatment.

Cervical cancer treatment, in most of its later stages, is characterized by the removal of cancer cells leading to the inability to have children later.

Treatment methods include:

  • Hysterectomy (Hysterectomy) and the eradication of the lymph nodes in the pelvic area. Sometimes, both Ovaries and Fallopian tubes may need to be removed.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy.

The amount of treatments needed is determined depending on the amount of cancer cells that have grown. There is also the possibility of integrating a number of therapeutic approaches.

It is known and common that the detection of cervical cancer raises feelings of fear, sadness or anger in the patients. In such a case, it may be useful to talk to other women who have developed cervical cancer, which may help improve the feeling of sick women. It is also advisable to consult your doctor about support groups that can be used to join them. The Internet can be used to communicate with women who may be happy to share their personal experience with others.

Prevention of cervical cancer

Prevention of cervical cancer

Hemorrhagic examination is the best way to detect any changes in cervical cells that may cause cervical cancer. Routine and periodic screening ensures that these changes are detected before they become cancerous. Therefore, it is important to undergo permanent medical supervision and receive the necessary treatment after any Pap smear test, which results in the presence of abnormal cells.

The virus that causes cervical cancer is transmitted through sexual intercourse. The best way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases is to refrain from sexual relations. In the case of their practice, it is necessary to ensure that sexual relations are safe, through the use of condom condoms.

Radiation therapy is the typical treatment method at certain stages of cervical cancer, and radiation therapy and surgical treatment are often combined. Radiation therapy is the use of high waves of radiation, to eliminate cancer cells and reduce tumors.

Radiation can be obtained from a device outside the body (radiotherapy), or from radioactive material (radioisotopes) inserted through the vagina to the cervical region where the cancer cells are located, Brachytherapy).


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